Archaeological finding sites
The district of Ivanec could be detected on every archeological map of the world, as one of the first habitats of human race. In the caves: Vindija, Velika pečina (Big cave) on Ravna gora, in Severov quarry in the near of Vuglovac, the finding sites with archeological evidence were preserved from the oldest stages of human history.
The district of Ivanec is rich with archeological finding sites from ancient human history, such as: stone axes from Bronze Age in the near of Ivanec, Prigorec, Stažnjavac, Vuglovec, and in near of Sveti Rok, Kuljevčic i Bedenec. In river Željeznica, that is flowing thru Ivanec, ancient money was found and in Vuglanec, stone axe was found together with some bones and bronze sickle.
There are countless evidences of fossils from ancient humans, tools and extinguished animals which are sustaining evidence that humans were living here from ancient times until today. Stjepan Vuković and Mirko Malez, scientist from Ivanec, had given a huge contributed to archeological science, and they devoted their entire life exploring archeological finding sites in Ivanec district. Mirko Malez, academician, had in short terms describes humans which used to live in this area:
- Convenient climate conditions, rich flora and fauna, had made today’s northwest Croatia, in are of Pleistocene, possible for continues human existence in the Paleolithic and Mesolithic era. Hrvatsko Zagorje was natural oases for hunters in Pleistocene are, and cradle of Paleolithic human existence, not only in Croatia but in whole southeastern Europe.
- In the near of settlement Punikve, in ancient time during the warm period, was a habitat of ancestor of Ivanec people. On fields, road junctions, gullies Stjepan Vuković, archeologist, had found crude stone tools; oval, brachial bolts; hand-spikes and logs, made crudely. Those were the oldest man made tools which were used by ancient humans in down of civilization. They were used in different kinds of activities: beating; making holes; cutting etc. Ruling opinion is that those tools were made and used in older Stone Age, approximately 500 thousand years ago. Stjepan Vuković had cold these tools, stone industrial findings of Punikve, which can be sorted in lowest Stone Age civilizations in Croatia and Europe.