Pottery

P1120544A pottery, a kind of handicraft product, was highly developed in this region. Three most important centers of pottery production in northwestern Croatia were Jerovec, Bedenec and Dubravec. A skill of making ceramics was passed from one generation to another, and in mentioned places, the most of male population was involved in producing it.

The most of their products was taken and sold at market places in Zagorje, Međumorje, Podravina or even to Vienna.

Clay for making ceramics was being dug manually in dry period, on clayey soil that can be found in surrounding areas. Excavated clay is being stored in enclosed space, which is called “gnjilnjak” (clay pit). As the quality of products depends on quality of clay, special attention was being paid to it processing and cleaning. Dishes were shaped on a potter’s wheel known as “kolombar”. It is powered by potter’s lag so that his hands could be free for working on dishes.

Dishes that are already shaped, to prevent its breaking, are dried on the air for a few days. Half-dried dishes is being covered by a thin layer of white clay, which is being decorated afterwards.

Pottery products are being baked by the rule two times. During the first baking that is lasting between 4 or 5 hours temperature is slowly climbing up to 500° C while the color of dishes is changing.

Cooled dishes is being polished by enamel, in recent times was made by grinding on milestone. By enameling dishes are becoming firm and waterproof. Enamel material can be green, yellow and white.

And so polished dishes is being put back to furnace and baked again, this time at 1000°C to 1200°C

Related Articles